Oklahoma counties have but to see the fruits of two state questions accredited in 2016 that may reclassify some crimes and broaden psychological well being remedy entry.
State Query 780 reclassified easy drug possession and low-level property crimes to misdemeanors, making them punishable by fines or jail days as an alternative of jail time. The premise is to deal with dependancy as a well being situation, permitting individuals who battle an dependancy to be handled like sufferers as an alternative of prisoners.
“Analysis reveals individuals who have interaction in low-level property crime typically accomplish that to outlive or to feed an dependancy,” Kris Steele, government director of The Schooling and Employment Ministry (TEEM), informed The Heart Sq.. “Addressing root causes of anti-social actions reduces felony exercise, will increase public security and creates more healthy communities.”
State Query 781 builds on that by diverting the funds that may have been used to carry a 780 particular person in jail to substance abuse remedy providers and psychological well being care. Steele stated although the state’s jail inhabitants has decreased from 112% capability to 88% capability since 2017, outcomes from 781 funding haven’t been seen as a result of the legislature has not reinvested the financial savings.
“Research by impartial our bodies have proven wherever from $10 [million to] $12 million per yr in financial savings accrued because of the passage of SQ780,” Colleen McCarty, deputy director at Oklahoma Justice Reform, informed The Heart Sq.. “The Oklahoma legislature is liable for making these allocations to the County Group Security Funding Fund. So far, since 2017, it has not made an allocation.”
As an alternative, lawmakers have directed cash to the Oklahoma Division of Psychological Well being and Substance Abuse Providers, citing issues that counties wouldn’t have the ability to present satisfactory providers, and ambiguity round how a lot needs to be allotted to the Group Security Funding Fund.
Lack of assist in counties has meant that those that find yourself within the county jail with psychological well being or substance abuse points shall be handled by regulation enforcement slightly than obtain satisfactory psychological well being care.
“The intent of SQ781 is that counties can assess their very own wants and technique of native management,” McCarty stated. “If one county has a giant meth downside, they need to have the ability to apply funds towards evidence-based remedy for meth dependancy. Others may even see extra prevalent points with despair and will must put money into bringing therapists and psychiatrists to their area. The statute was left imprecise in order that the decision-makers on the bottom could make one of the best decisions for his or her populations.”
McCarty stated that any and all sorts of psychological well being care are wanted within the felony justice system. Many individuals within the system have Complicated-PTSD, childhood trauma, and would profit from ongoing remedy. Others have severe psychological well being diagnoses that want ongoing supervision and drugs.
“There’s a vital want (each inside and outdoors the correctional system) for elevated trauma care, applicable ranges of substance abuse remedy, psychological well being care, and prosocial actions,” Steele stated. “The expectation for 781 is for counties to have buy-in and duty for establishing their substance abuse providers and psychological well being care priorities. It’s my hope the legislature will observe the need of the individuals and reinvest the financial savings achieved from 780 and improve entry to remedy and psychological well being providers for all Oklahomans.”