The brand new steerage follows a two-year session course of with greater than 250 athletes and anxious stakeholders.
Launched on Tuesday, the framework isn’t legally binding and can place the duty on particular person sporting federations to find out if an athlete was at a disproportionate benefit.
The ten-point doc will come into place after Beijing 2022, however not each sport is anticipated to be ready to discover a answer for his or her athletes earlier than Paris 2024.
“What we’re providing to all of the worldwide federations is our experience and a dialogue, moderately than leaping to a conclusion,” stated Kaveh Mehrabi, director of the IOC’s athletes’ division.
“This can be a course of that we now have to undergo with every federation on a case-by-case foundation and see what’s required.”
This new framework replaces the IOC’s earlier tips, which had been issued in 2015.
The earlier coverage allowed transgender athletes to compete supplied their testosterone ranges had been beneath a sure restrict for at the least 12 months earlier than their first competitors.
Within the announcement, the IOC stated the brand new framework will transfer away from this with IOC medical director Richard Budgett saying: “You needn’t use testosterone (to resolve who can compete) in any respect. However that is steerage, it is not an absolute rule.”
There may be debate within the scientific group as as to if androgenic hormones like testosterone are helpful markers of athletic benefit.
The brand new tips additionally apply to athletes with variations of intercourse growth (DSD), such because the South African 800m runner Caster Semenya, whose testosterone ranges have been recorded as too excessive to compete as a girl in some occasions.
The announcement follows the 2020 Summer time Video games, which have been labelled as essentially the most inclusive Video games so far with Outsports reporting in July that there can be at the least 180 out LGBTQ+ Olympians in Tokyo and at the least 4 athletes who’re out and both trans or non-binary.
Soccer participant Quinn turned the primary out transgender and non-binary athlete to compete within the video games and the primary to win a medal when the Canadian ladies’s staff gained gold in Tokyo.
In the meantime, New Zealand weightlifter Laurel Hubbard was the primary transgender girl to compete within the Olympic Video games, the place she competed within the ladies’s super-heavyweight +87kg class however did not register a carry in her occasion.
The IOC additionally stated intercourse testing and “invasive bodily examinations” used to confirm an athlete’s gender had been “disrespectful” and “doubtlessly dangerous.”
“We actually wish to guarantee that athletes usually are not pressured or coerced into making a dangerous choice about their our bodies,” stated Magali Martowicz, IOC head of human rights.
The framework stresses that athletes needs to be part of the decision-making course of and says these tips might be topic to periodic opinions to replicate “any related moral, human rights, authorized, scientific and medical developments on this space.”